If you suffer from diabetes, you have an elevated risk of developing eye diseases like glaucoma, cataract, retinal detachment and diabetic retinopathy. The good news is that there are several ways to preserve your eyesight even if you have diabetes.
Diabetes is a major cause of blindness in adults aged between 20 and 74.
Diabetes and Cataracts
A cataract is a clouding of the lens of your eye. Anybody can develop cataracts, but people with diabetes have a higher risk.
Glaucoma and Diabetes
Glaucoma develops when fluid inside the eye is not properly drained. This will increase the pressure inside the eyes. The excess pressure can damage the blood vessels and nerves in the eye and lead to vision changes. Glaucoma is more common in people who have diabetes.
Follow these tips to make sure that diabetes does not affect your eyesight.
Get a comprehensive eye examination
This is a must. You should get an eye examination at least once a year. Diabetic eye disease shows hardly any symptoms during the initial stage. A dilated eye examination will allow your eye doctor to closely examine the optic nerve and retina for possible signs of damage. Your doctor will be able to detect potential problems even before you begin to notice changes to your vision. By routinely monitoring your eyes, your ophthalmologist can begin treatment and take preventive measures as quickly as possible. This will make the condition more manageable.
Why it is important to control blood sugar levels
Elevated blood sugar levels can cause your eye’s lens to swell. This will cause blurry vision. Your eyesight will improve as blood sugar levels dip. It may take three months for your eyesight to get back to normal. High blood sugar levels also damage the nerves and blood vessels in the eyes. This will also affect your eyesight. If you have diabetes it is imperative that you keep sugar levels under control.
Maintain healthy cholesterol and blood pressure levels
High cholesterol and high blood pressure can also put you at higher risk for developing eye diseases. Keeping your pressure and cholesterol under control not only protects your eyes but also improves your general health.
Smokers have an increased risk of developing diabetic retinopathy and some other diabetes-related eye problems. By giving up smoking you can reduce that risk. It will also improve your overall health.
Get active physically
Exercise is good for the health of your eyes. It will also help control diabetes. People who exercise regularly have a lower risk of developing diabetes and diabetes-related eye problems.