Your vision changes as you get older. To a certain extent, this is inevitable. However, these changes do not have to compromise the quality of your life. Here are some tips for protecting your vision.
Do not ignore the warning signs
As you age, you will notice some signs and symptoms of age-related vision changes. Don’t ignore these warning signs. If you do not seek treatment for these conditions, they may cause the loss of vision.
Many eye diseases do not have any symptoms during the initial stages. They develop painlessly and in most cases, you will notice vision changes only when the disease is quite advanced. However, you can significantly improve your eye health by leading a healthy lifestyle. Quit smoking and get physically active. Both of these are known to improve your general and eye health. You should also get regular eye exams. They will ensure that your eyeglass is up to date. They will also help detect potential problems.
Vision over 60
Many health problems that affect other parts of the body may also affect your eyesight. For example, people who have diabetes have a higher risk of developing vision problems. Controlling your blood sugar levels is the only way to control these problems.
The following are some common vision disorders that affect the elderly.
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)
This condition affects the macula which is the center of the retina. It can cause loss of central vision. Good central vision is necessary to perform activities like driving, reading, or watching TV. AMD does not affect peripheral vision.
An annual eye examination can detect early warning signs of macular degeneration and glaucoma. Early detection also makes these conditions more manageable.
Retinal detachment is the separation of the retina from the underlying tissue. Head injury can cause this condition. Advanced diabetes may also lead to retinal detachment. Retinal detachment is usually caused by changes to the vitreous fluid which fills the back of the eye. If this condition is not treated immediately, it will cause permanent loss of vision.
This condition occurs when blood vessels that carry blood to the retina suffer damage. This will cause swelling of the retinal tissue. This condition tends to affect both eyes. Diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness.
Cataracts, glaucoma and dry eyes are the other eye-related problems that commonly affect the elderly.
Should you drive?
As you age, driving a car becomes increasingly difficult. You may find it difficult to judge speed and distances. Bright sunlight or the headlights of the vehicles in front can impair your vision. Drive slowly and do not drive at night.